Causes of Your Lower Abdominal Pain

Causes of Your Lower Abdominal Pain

November 1, 2022

p>Do you have pain in your lower belly? Pain in your lower abdominal region is common due to several issues. Depending on the cause, the pain can be mild, moderate, or severe. Some pains might go away on their own, while others require treatment from your doctor.

Lower stomach pain doesn’t always point to a problem in your abdominal area. Sometimes the pain might be coming from nearby organs. That’s why it’s essential to seek professional help to address the primary problem and get relief from the discomfort. If the pain is sudden and severe, you might need to visit an ER for abdominal pain.

Common Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain

If you’re wondering what might be causing the pain in your lower abdomen, here are common reasons:

  • Irritable bowel syndrome

  • Irritable lower or colon bowel disorder is a common issue that affects the large intestines. While you can feel the pain in the lower abdomen, sometimes you can feel it all over the belly. Other irritable bowel symptoms can include cramping, constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and cramps. While common, only a few people experience severe symptoms. Depending on the severity of the issue, the symptoms can be controlled by managing your diet, lifestyle, and stress. Severe symptoms require medication, counseling, and other forms of professional help.

  • Constipation

  • Constipation happens when your bowel movements are less than usual, hard, dry, or difficult or painful to pass. It can source pain in the lower left abdomen and sometimes mid-abdomen. It can acommpany other symptoms like bloating and cramps. Constipation often happens when food moves too slowly through the colon. It can also happen when the colon absorbs too much water from the digested food as it forms a stool. Constipation can be caused by mild to serious conditions such as dehydration, poor diet, pregnancy, bowel obstruction, hemorrhoids, and even colon cancer. Staying hydrated and taking more soluble fiber can help prevent or manage constipation.

  • Appendicitis

  • Lower stomach pain can also indicate inflammation in your appendix – the thin tube found on the lower right side of the abdomen. The pain can start near the belly button and gradually down to the stomach’s lower right. The pain can be sudden, severe, and worsen in a few hours. You may notice the pain when breathing deeply or moving around. Along with the pain, you can also experience adnominal swelling, fever, loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. It’s essential to seek immediate medical care for appendicitis.

  • Diverticulitis

  • Diverticulitis is the inflammation of the diverticula pouches in the colon. It can cause sudden pain and go to the left side of the stomach or belly. Other symptoms include constipation, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. Medical care is essential.

  • Urinary tract infections (UTI)

  • UTI is the infection of the urinary tract- urethra, bladder, or kidney. UTIs are the second most common infections and cause pain in the pelvis or abdominal bladder. Other symptoms can include sudden and frequent need to urinate, pelvic pressure, discomfort or pain when urinating, and cloudy urine.

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UTIs are more common in older women, people with a weakened immune system, and people who use a catheter. It can also be caused by urinary tract abnormalities, blockage due to kidney stones or enlarged prostate, certain vascular conditions, gynecological issues, and tumors in the colon. Mild cases of UTIs often go away on their own. However, it’s essential to seek treatment to determine the primary cause and get relief from the discomfort.

When to seek medical care

While lower stomach pain might not seem a common issue, sometimes it might be more serious than you think. Especially if the pain is often sudden, severe, or worsens, you should get medical treatment as soon as possible. Visit an emergency clinic if the pain is severe and accompanied by serious symptoms like difficulty breathing and fever. Fairfield Emergency Room offers a 24-hour ER.